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  • 万博网页版登录装修公司带你来了解无菌室!
    来源:http://www.jnyhrs.com 浏览: 发布日期:2018-11-26
    无菌室也称接种室,是系统接种、纯化菌种等无菌操作的专用万博网页版登录。在微生物工作中,菌种的接种移植是一项主要操作,这项操作的特点就是要保证菌种纯种,防止杂菌的污染。在一般环境的空气中,由于存在许多尘埃和杂菌,很易造成污染,对接种工作干扰很大。下面小编为您介绍下微生物无菌室装修设计规范化。
    Aseptic room, also known as inoculation room, is a special laboratory for systematic inoculation, purification of bacteria and other aseptic operations. In microbial work, inoculation and transplantation of bacteria is a major operation. The characteristics of this operation are to ensure the pure strain of bacteria and prevent the contamination of miscellaneous bacteria. In the air of general environment, there are many dust and bacteria, which easily cause pollution and greatly interfere with the vaccination work. The following edition will introduce the standardization of decoration design of microbial sterile room for you.
    无菌室的设置
    Asepsis room setting
    无菌室应根据既经济又科学的原则来设置。其基本要求有以下几点:
    The sterile room should be set up according to the principle of economy and science. Its basic requirements are as follows:
    (1)无菌室应有内、外两间,内间是无菌室,外间是缓冲室。房间容积不宜过大,以便于空气灭菌。内间面积2×2.5=5m2,外间面积1×2=2m2,高以2.5m以下为宜,都应有天花板。
    (1) The sterile room should have two rooms, one inside and the other outside. The other is the sterile room and the other is the buffer room. Room volume should not be too large to facilitate air sterilization. The interior area is 2 *2.5=5m2, the exterior area is 1 *2=2m2, and the height is below 2.5m. There should be a ceiling.
    (2)内间应当设拉门,以减少空气的波动,门应设在离工作台远的位置上;外间的门好也用拉门,要设在距内间远的位置上。
    (2) There should be sliding doors in the interior to reduce the fluctuation of air. The doors should be located farthest from the workbench. The doors in the exterior should also be sliding doors, which should be located farthest from the interior.
    (3)在分隔内间与外间的墙壁或“隔扇”上,应开一个小窗,作接种过程中必要的内外传递物品的通道,以减少人员进出内间的次数,降低污染程度。小窗宽60cm、高40cm、厚30cm,内外都挂对拉的窗扇。
    (3) A small window should be opened on the walls or "partitions" between the interior and the exterior so as to provide the necessary passageway for the delivery of goods inside and outside during the inoculation process, so as to reduce the number of people entering and leaving the interior and reduce the pollution level. The small window is 60 cm wide, 40 cm high and 30 cm thick. The inside and outside of the window are hung with paired pulling fans.
    (4)无菌室容积小而严密,使用一段时间后,室内温度很高,故应设置通气窗。通气窗应设在内室进门处的顶棚上(即离工作台远的位置),好为双层结构,外层为百叶窗,内层可用抽板式窗扇。通气窗可在内室使用后、灭菌前开启,以流通空气。有条件可安装恒温恒湿机。
    (4) The sterile room has a small and tight volume. After a period of use, the indoor temperature is very high. Therefore, ventilation windows should be set up. The ventilation window should be set on the roof at the entrance door of the inner room (that is, the farthest position from the worktable), preferably with double-deck structure, with shutters on the outer layer and suction-plate windows on the inner layer. The ventilation window can be opened after use in the inner room and before sterilization to circulate air. Conditional installation of constant temperature and humidity machine.
    无菌室内设备和用具
    Sterile indoor equipment and appliances
    (1)无菌室内的工作台,不论是什么材质、用途的,都要求表面光滑和台面水平。
    (1) Sterile indoor workbench, no matter what material, use, requires smooth surface and level of the table.
    (2)在内室和外室各安装一个紫外灯(多为30W)。内室的紫外线灯应安装在经常工作的座位正上方,离地面2m,外室的紫外线灯可安装在外室中央。
    (2) Install an ultraviolet lamp (mostly 30W) inside and outside. The indoor ultraviolet lamp should be installed directly above the regular working seat, 2 m above the ground. The outdoor ultraviolet lamp can be installed in the center of the outdoor.
    (3)外室应有专用的工作服、鞋、帽、口罩、盛有来苏儿水的瓷盆和毛巾、手持喷雾器和5%石炭酸溶液等。
    (3) the outer rooms should have special work clothes, shoes, caps, masks, pottery basins and towels containing the suer water, hand held sprayers and 5% carbolic acid solutions.
    (4)内室应有酒精灯、常用接种工具、不锈钢制的刀、剪、镊子、70%的酒精棉球、工业酒精、载玻璃片、特种蜡笔、记录本、铅笔、标签纸、胶水、废物筐等。
    (4) There should be alcohol lamps, commonly used inoculation tools, stainless steel knives, scissors, tweezers, 70% alcohol cotton balls, industrial alcohol, glass sheets, special crayons, record books, pencils, label paper, glue, waste baskets and so on.
    无菌室的灭菌消毒
    Sterilization and disinfection of sterile room
    (1)薰蒸:这是无菌室彻底灭菌的措施。无菌室使用了较长时间,污染比较严重时,应进行薰蒸灭菌。可用甲醛、乳酸或硫磺薰蒸。
    (1) Fumigation: This is the measure of sterilizing the sterile room thoroughly. The sterile room should be fumigated and sterilized when it has been used for a long time and the pollution is serious. It can be fumigated with formaldehyde, lactic acid or sulphur.
    (2)喷雾:在每次使用无菌室前进行。喷雾可促使空气中微粒及微生物沉降,防止桌面、地面上的微尘飞场,并有杀菌作用。可用5%石炭酸喷雾。
    (2) spray: before the use of asepsis room. Spray can cause particles and microorganisms to settle in the air, preventing dust flying on the desktop and ground, and having bactericidal effect. It can be sprayed with 5% carbolic acid.
    (3)紫外线照射:在每次使用无菌室前进行。紫外线有较好的杀菌效果。通常应开启紫外线灯照射30~60min。
    (3) Ultraviolet irradiation: before each use of sterile room. Ultraviolet radiation has better bactericidal effect. Usually the ultraviolet lamp should be turned on for 30 to 60 minutes.
    上面的信息你了解了吗?如果想了解更多的万博网页版登录装修的信息请点击我们的网站http://www.jnyhrs.com谢谢您的支持。
    Do you understand the above information? For more information on laboratory renovation, please click on our website http://www.jnyhrs.com. Thank you for your support.
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